Nile Behncke (1892 – 1954) was an American artist and museum administrator in Oshkosh, Wisconsin. His father Gustave Behncke was a fresco painter and muralist. Nile worked for his father before joining the Oshkosh Engraving Company in 1914. After World War I, Nile returned to Oshkosh to study art. In 1924, he became the Director of the Oshkosh Public Museum, a position he held until his death. He was not known as a cartographer, but he did produce one map. The 1931 pictorial map of the Fox River Valley was drawn to raise funds for the Museum.